All the cultures in human history except the Western industrial civilization have held holotropic states of consciousness in great esteem. They induced them whenever they wanted to connect to their deities, other dimensions of reality, and with the forces of nature. They also used them for diagnosing and healing, cultivation of extrasensory perception, and artistic inspiration. They spent much time and energy to develop safe and effective ways of inducing them.
Stanislav Grof, born 1 July 1931, Sun in Cancer, Moon in Capricorn, Ascendant in Sagittarius, transpersonal psychologist.