Human beings hold two types of theories of action. There is the one that they espouse, which is usually expressed in the form of stated beliefs and values. Then there is the theory that they actually use; this can only be inferred from observing their actions, that is, their actual behavior.
Chris Argyris, born on 16 July 1923, American psychologist, theorist, and academic (d. 2013)
Other personalities born today:
Jack Kornfield (born July 16, 1945) bestselling American author and teacher in the vipassana movement in American Theravada Buddhism. He has worked to make Buddhism accessible for Westerners, combining loving kindness and self compassion with the practice of mindfulness, and incorporating together the wisdom of Eastern and Western psychology. In After the Ecstasy, the Laundry, he writes about the honest development of the wise heart within the cycles of day-to-day life; for instance “amid all the Western masters and teachers I know, some idealistic perfection is not apparent. Times of great wisdom, deep compassion, and a real knowing of freedom alternate with periods of fear, confusion, neurosis, and struggle. Most teachers will readily admit this.”
Clare of Assisi, born on 16 July 1194, Italian nun and saint.
Andrea del Sarto, born on 16 July 1486, Italian painter.